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Chapter 1- Democracy in the Contemporary World Interview Questions Answers

Question 1 :
Which of the following does not lead to the spread of democracy?
(a) Struggle by the people
(b) Invasion by foreign countries
(c) End of colonialism
(d) People’s desire for freedom

Answer 1 : (b) Invasion by foreign countries

Question 2 :
Which of the following statement is true about today’s world?
(a) Monarchy as a form of government has vanished.
(b) The relationship between different countries has become more democratic than ever before.
(c) In more and more countries rulers are being elected by the people.
(d) There are no more military dictators in the world.

Answer 2 : (c) In more and more countries rulers are being elected by the people.

Question 3 :
Use one of the following statements to complete the sentence:
Democracy in international organisations requires that …
(a) The rich countries should have a greater say.
(b)Countries should have a say according to their military power.
(c) Countries should be treated with respect in proportion to their population.
(d) All countries in the world should be treated equally.

Answer 3 : (c) All countries in the world should be treated equally.

Question 4 : What are the difficulties people face in a non-democratic country? Give answers drawing from the examples given in this chapter.

Answer 4 :

following are the difficulties people face in a non-democratic country.

No freedom for people to elect their leaders.
No freedom of speech and expression.
Censorship of press.
Single-party rule.
No say in government policies.
No freedom to form unions.
People suffer violence and oppression without any legal redress.
For example, Pinochet’s military dictatorship in Chile tortured and killed several of those who wanted democracy to be restored. Another example is the communist government that ruled in several countries of East Europe in the 1980s. In these countries, people could not freely choose leaders. Those who spoke against the government were put in prison.

Question 5 : Which freedoms are usually taken away when a democracy is overthrown by the military?

Answer 5 :

When democracy is overthrown by the military, the people of the country are deprived of many freedoms.

  1. First of all, they lose the freedom of speech and expression and cannot say anything against the military government.
  2. Secondly, they are not allowed to form political parties and workers’ unions.
  3. Thirdly, the people are deprived of their right to choose their own leader or change them.

Question 6 :
Which of the following positions can contribute to democracy at the global level? Give reasons for your answer in each case.
a. My country gives more money to international institutions. Therefore, I want to be treated with more respect and exercise more power.
b. My country may be small or poor, but my voice must be heard with equal respect because these decisions will affect my country.
c. Wealthy nations will have a greater say in international affairs. They cannot let their interests suffer just because they are outnumbered by poor nations.
d. Big countries like India must have a greater say in international organisations.

Answer 6 :

a. No, it does not contribute towards democracy at a global level because every democracy’s basic principle is equality. Every country or its people should enjoy equal status and rights irrespective of it being poor or rich. Also, the amount of money the country contributes towards international institutions is not the yardstick that determines the power a country can have globally.

b. Yes, it does contribute towards democracy because it promotes a fundamental right-the right to freedom of speech and expression. When every person of the country utilises his/her right to express and be heard, he/she automatically supports democracy.

c. No, it does not lead the democracy at the global level because at a universal level, all the countries whether rich or poor are equal. There should be no distinctions between the countries and all should be treated at par. Also, wealthy nations are not entitled to special treatments.

d. No, it does not support democracy because geographical areas or the size of the country cannot be the criteria to determine the superiority of that country.

Question 7 :
Here are three opinions expressed in a television debate on the struggle for democracy in Nepal. Which of these do you agree with and why?
Guest 1: India is a democracy. Therefore, the Indian government must support the people of Nepal who are struggling against the monarchy and democracy.
Guest 2: That is a dangerous argument. We would be in the same position as the US was in Iraq. Remember, no outside force can promote democracy.
Guest 3: But why should we bother about the internal affairs of another country? We should be worried about our business interests there, not about democracy.

Answer 7 :

The opinion of Guest 1 can be easily agreed with.
Being a democracy, India has to support the democratic aspirations of the Nepali people. The Government of India is within its rights to declare support for those who are struggling for the establishment of a democratic government. However, there has to be recognition of the fact that no country can supplant democracy in another country. The push has to come from the people of that particular nation.



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