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Chapter 6- Manufacturing Industries Interview Questions Answers

Question 1 :
Which one of the following industries uses limestone as a raw material.

Answer 1 :

a) Aluminium                 (b) Cement
(c ) Sugar                       (d) Jute
Answer
(b) Cement

Question 2 : Which one of the following agencies markets steel for the public sector plants?

Answer 2 :

a) HAIL                        (b) SAIL 
(c ) TATA Steel            (d) MNCC
Answer:
 (b) SAIL

Question 3 : Which one of the following industries uses bauxite as a raw material?

Answer 3 :

a) Aluminium                   (b) Cement 
(c ) Jute                          (d) Steel
Answer
 (a) Aluminium

Question 4 : Which one of the following industries manufactures telephones, computer, etc?

Answer 4 :

a) Steel                                            (b) Electronic 
(c ) Aluminium                                  (d) Information Technology
Answer
 (b) Electronic

Question 5 : What is manufacturing?

Answer 5 : Manufacturing is the production of goods in large quantities after processing from raw materials to more valuable products. For e.g.,- paper is manufactured from wood, sugar from sugarcane, iron and steel from iron ore and aluminium from bauxite.

Question 6 : Name any three physical factors for the location of the industry.

Answer 6 :

Three physical factors for the location of the industry are:
1. Availability of raw materials
2. Closeness to market
3. Availability of power
For e.g., – Jute textile industry is concentrated in West Bengal as the jute producing areas lie in the Hugli basin and there is cheap water transport for transportation and for processing of jute.

Question 7 : Name any three human factors for the location of an industry

Answer 7 :

Three human factors for the location of an industry are:
1. Labour
2. Capital
3. Closeness to cities
For e.g., – Jute textile industry in West Bengal gets cheap labour from the adjoining states, and Kolkata is a large urban centre for banking, insurance and port facilities.

Question 8 :
What are the basic industries? Give an example.

Answer 8 :

Basic or key industries are the industries which supply their product or raw materials to manufacture other goods.
Example – Iron and steel industries provide iron and steel to other industries as the raw material.

Question 9 : Name the important raw materials used in the manufacturing of cement?

Answer 9 :

Important raw materials used in the manufacture of cement are:
1. Limestone
2. Silica
3. Alumina
4. Gypsum

Question 10 : How are integrated steel plants different from mini steel plants? What problems does the industry face?

Answer 10 : What recent developments have led to a rise in the production capacity?


Answer
Integrated steel plants are large and handle everything in one complex – from putting together raw material to steel making, rolling and shaping.
Mini steel plants are smaller, have electric furnaces, use steel scrap and sponge iron. They have re-rollers that use steel ingots as well. They produce mild and alloy steel of given specifications.
The challenges faced by the steel industry are:
1. High cost and limited availability of coking coal
2. Lower productivity of labour
3. Irregular supply of energy
4. Poor infrastructure
Recent developments such as liberalisation and foreign direct investment (FDI) have given a boost to the industry with the efforts of private entrepreneurs.


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