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Chapter 2- Sectors of the Indian Economy Interview Questions Answers

Question 1 : Fill in the blanks using the correct option given in the bracket:

Answer 1 :

a. Employment in the service sector _________ increased to the same extent as production. (has / has not)
Answer a: has not

b. Workers in the _________ sector do not produce goods. (tertiary / agricultural)
Answer b: tertiary

c. Most of the workers in the _________ sector enjoy job security. (organised / unorganised)
Answer c: organised

d. A _________ proportion of labourers in India are working in the unorganised sector. (large / small)
Answer d: large

e. Cotton is a _________ product and cloth is a _________ product. [natural /manufactured]
Answer e: natural and manufactured

f. The activities in primary, secondary and tertiary sectors are_________ [independent / interdependent]
Answer f: interdependent

Question 2 : The sectors are classified into public and private sector on the basis of:

Answer 2 :

1. employment conditions        2. the nature of economic activity
3. ownership of enterprises      4. number of workers employed in the enterprise

Answer: 3. ownership of enterprises

Question 3 : Production of a commodity, mostly through the natural process, is an activity in _________ sector.

Answer 3 :

1. primary                         2. secondary
3. tertiary                          4. information technology

Answer: 1. primary

Question 4 : GDP is the total value of _________ produced during a particular year.

Answer 4 :

1. all goods and services
2. all final goods and services
3. all intermediate goods and services
4. all intermediate and final goods and services

Answer: 2. all final goods and services

Question 5 : In terms of GDP the share of tertiary sector in 2013-14 is between _________ per cent.

Answer 5 :

1. 20 to 30
2. 30 to 40
3. 50 to 60
4. 60 to 70

Answer: 3. 50 to 60

Question 6 : Match the following-

Answer 6 :

Problems faced by farming sector

Some possible measures

1. Unirrigated land

(a) Setting up agro-based mills

2. Low prices for crops

(b) Cooperative marketing societies

3. Debt burden

(c) Procurement of food grains by government

4. No job in the off season

(d) Construction of canals by the government

5. Compelled to sell their grains to the local traders soon after harvest

(e) Banks to provide credit with low interest


Answer

 

Problems faced by farming sector

Some possible measures

1. Unirrigated land

(d) Construction of canals by the government

2. Low prices for crops

(c) Procurement of food grains by government

3. Debt burden

(e) Banks to provide credit with low interest

4. No job in the off season

(a) Setting up agro-based mills

5. Compelled to sell their grains to the local traders soon after harvest

(b) Cooperative marketing societies

Question 7 : Find the odd one out and say why.

Answer 7 :

(i) Tourist guide, dhobi, tailor, potter
Answer: Tourist Guide is the odd one out because he or she is appointed by the Government Department but tailor, dhobi and potter own their private work.

(ii) Teacher, doctor, vegetable vendor, lawyer
Answer: The Vegetable vendor is the odd one out because he works in the primary sector, while jobs of teacher, lawyer and doctor come under the tertiary sector.

(iii) Postman, cobbler, soldier, police constable
Answer: Cobbler is the odd one out because he works in the private sector while the postman, soldier and police constable work for the public sector or the organised sector.

(iv) MTNL, Indian Railways, Air India, Jet Airways, All India Radio
Answer: Jet Airways is the odd one out because it is owned by a private company and MTNL, Indian Railways, Air India and All India Radio are owned by the Government of India

Question 8 : A research scholar looked at the working people in the city of Surat and found the following.

Answer 8 :

Place of Work

Nature of Employment

Percentage of working People

In offices and factories registered with the government

Organised

15

Own shops, office, clinics in

marketplaces with formal license

 

15

People working on the street,

construction workers, domestic workers

 

20

Working in small workshops

usually not registered with the government

 

 

Complete the table. What is the percentage of workers in the unorganised sector in this city?

Answer

Place of Work

Nature of Employment

Percentage of working People

In offices and factories registered with the government

Organised

15

Own shops, office, clinics in

marketplaces with formal license

Organised

15

People working on the street,

construction workers, domestic workers

Unorganised

20

Working in small workshops

usually not registered with the government

Unorganised

50

The percentage of workers in the unorganised sector are 70% (50+20)

Question 9 : Do you think the classification of economic activities into primary, secondary and tertiary is useful? Explain how.

Answer 9 : The classification of economic activities into primary, secondary and tertiary is useful, as it helps to classify the different occupations that are taken up by the people in the country and how much each sector contributes to the growth of the country. It is also important because it helps in asserting that which sector contributes the most in the GDP and which sector has the scope to employ more people and increase the National Income.

Question 10 : For each of the sectors that we came across in this chapter why should one focus on employment and GDP?

Answer 10 :  Could there be other issues which should be examined? Discuss.


Answer
 Employment and GDP are two of the most important factors in the development of a country. Employment and GDP are used to calculate the overall productivity and National income of a country. If a country has a high employment rate, its GDP, National Income and per capita income will automatically increase. Hence, these are the two things which have been given major emphasis in this chapter.
Other issues which should be examined are as follows:
1. Health care facilities
2. Education
3. Poverty
4. Food Production
5. Nourishment


Selected

 

Chapter 2- Sectors of the Indian Economy Contributors

krishan

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