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Chapter 9- Mechanical Properties Of Solids Interview Questions Answers

Question 1 : A steel wire of length 4.7 m and cross-sectional area 3.0 x 10-5 m2 stretches by the same amount as a copper wire of length 3.5 m and cross-sectional area of 4.0 x 10-5 m2 under a given load. What is the ratio of the Young’s modulus of steel to that of copper?

Answer 1 :

Question 2 : Figure shows the strain-stress curve for a given material. What are (a) Young’s modulus and (b) approximate yield strength for this material?

Answer 2 :

(a)  Young’smodulus of the material (Y) is given by
Y =Stress/Strain
=150 x 106/0.002
150 x 106/2 x 10-3
=75 x 109 Nm-2
=75 x 1010 Nm-2
(a)Yield strength of a material is defined as the maximum stress it cansustain. From graph, the approximate yield strength of the given material
= 300 x 106 Nm-2
= 3 x 108 Nm-2 .

Question 3 : The stress-strain graphs for materials A and B are shown in figure.
The graphs are drawn to the same scale.
(a) Which of the materials has the greater Young’s modulus?
(b) Which of the two is the stronger material?

Answer 3 :

(a) From the two graphs we note that for a given strain, stress for A is more than that of B. Hence Young’s modulus =(Stress /Strain) is greater for A than that of B.
(b) Strength of a material is determined by the amount of stress required to cause fracture. This stress corresponds to the point of fracture. The stress corresponding to the point of fracture in A is more than for B. So, material A is stronger than material B.

Question 4 :
Read the ‘allowing two statements below carefully and state, with reasons, if it is true or false.
(a) The Young’s modulus of rubber is greater than that of steel;
(b) The stretching of a coil is determined by its shear modulus.

Answer 4 :

(a) False. The-Young’s modulus is defined as the ratio of stress to the strain within elastic limit. For a given stretching force elongation is more in rubber and quite less in steel. Hence, rubber is less elastic than steel.
(b) True. Stretching of a coil is determined by its shear modulus. When equal and opposite forces are applied at opposite ends of a coil, the distance, as well as shape of helicals of the coil change and it, involves shear modulus

Question 5 : Two wires of diameter 0.25 cm, one made of steel and other made of brass are loaded as shown in figure. The unloaded length of steel wire is 1.5 m and that of brass wire is 1.0 m.Young’s modulus of steel is 2.0 x 1011 Pa. Compute the elongations of steel and brass wires. (1 Pa = 1 N m2).

Answer 5 :

Question 6 : The edge of an aluminium cube is 10 cm long. One face of the cube is firmly fixed to a vertical wall. A mass of 100 kg is then attached to the opposite face of the cube. The shear modulus of aluminium is 25 GPa. What is the vertical deflection of this face?

Answer 6 :

Here, side of cube, L = 10 cm =10/100= 0.1 m
.•. Area of each face, A = (0.1)2 = 0.01 m2

Question 7 : Four identical hollow cylindrical columns of mild steel support a big structure of mass 50,000 kg. The inner and outer radii of each column are 30 cm and 60 cm respectively. Assuming the load distribution to be uniform, calculate the compressional strain of each column. Young’s modulus, Y = 2.0 x 1011 Pa.

Answer 7 :

Question 8 : A piece of copper having a rectangular cross-section of 15.2 mm x 19.1 mm is pulled in tension with 44,500 N force, producing only elastic deformation. Calculate the resulting strain? Shear modulus of elasticity of copper is 42 x 109 N/m2.

Answer 8 :

Question 9 : A steel cable with a radius of 1.5 cm supports a chairlift at a ski area. If the maximum stress is not to exceed 108 Nm-2 what is the maximum load the cable can support ?

Answer 9 :

Question 10 : A rigid bar of mass 15 kg is supported symmetrically by three wires each 2.0 m long. Those at each end are of copper and the middle one is of iron. Determine the ratios of their diameters if each is to have the same tension.

Answer 10 : Since each wire is to have same tension therefore, each wire has same extension. Moreover, each wire has the same initial length.So, strain is same for each wire.



Chapter 9- Mechanical Properties Of Solids Contributors


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