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RD Chapter 24- The Circle Ex-24.3 Interview Questions Answers

Question 1 : Find the equation of the circle, the end points of whose diameter are (2, -3) and (-2, 4). Find its centre and radius.

Answer 1 :

Given:

The diameters (2, -3)and (-2, 4).

By using the formula,

Centre = (-a, -b)

= [(2-2)/2, (-3+4)/2]

= (0, ½)

By using the distanceformula,

So, r =

= √[(2-0)2 + (-3-½)2]

= √[(2)2 + (-7/2)2]

= √[4 + 49/4]

= √[65/4]

= [√65]/2

We know that theequation of the circle with centre (p, q) and having radius ‘r’ is given by: (x– p)2 + (y – q)2 = r2

Now by substitutingthe values in the above equation, we get

(x – 0)2 +(y – ½)2 = [[√65]/2]2

x2 + y2 –y + ¼ = 65/4

4x2 +4y2 – 4y + 1 = 65

The equation of thecircle is 4x2 + 4y2 – 4y – 64 = 0 or x2 +y2 – y – 16 = 0

Question 2 :

Find the equation of the circle the end points of whose diameter are thecentres of the circles x2 + y2 + 6x – 14y – 1 =0 and x2 + y2 – 4x + 10y – 2 = 0.

Answer 2 :

Given:

x2 + y2 +6x – 14y – 1 = 0…. (1)

So the centre =[(-6/2), -(-14/2)]

= [-3, 7]

x2 + y2 –4x + 10y – 2 = 0… (2)

So the centre =[-(-4/2), (-10/2)]

= [2, -5]

We know that theequation of the circle is given by,

(x – x1) (x– x2) + (y – y1) (y – y2) = 0

(x + 3) (x – 2) + (y –7) (y + 5) = 0

Upon simplification weget

x2 +3x – 2x – 6 + y2 – 7y + 5y – 35 = 0

x2 + y2 +x – 2y – 41 = 0

The equation of thecircle is x2 + y2 + x – 2y – 41 = 0

Question 3 : The sides of a squares are x = 6, x = 9, y = 3 and y = 6. Find the equation of a circle drawn on the diagonal of the square as its diameter.

Answer 3 :

Given:

The sides of a squaresare x = 6, x = 9, y = 3 and y = 6.

Let us assume A, B, C,D be the vertices of the square. On solving the lines, we get the coordinatesas: A = (6, 3)

B = (9, 3)

C = (9, 6)

D = (6, 6)

We know that theequation of the circle with diagonal AC is given by

(x – x1) (x– x2) + (y – y1) (y – y2) = 0

(x – 6) (x – 9) + (4 –3) (4 – 6) = 0

Upon simplifying, weget

x2 –6x – 9x + 54 + y2 – 3y – 6y + 18 = 0

x2 + y2 –15x – 9y + 72 = 0

We know that theequation of the circle with diagonal BD as diameter is given by

(x – x1) (x– x2) + (y – y1) (y – y2) = 0

(x – 9) (x – 6) + (y –3) (y – 6) = 0

Upon simplifying, weget

x2 –9x – 6x + 54 + y2 – 3y – 6y + 18 = 0

x2 + y2 –15x – 9y + 72 = 0

The equation of thecircle is x2 + y2 – 15x – 9y + 72 = 0

Question 4 : Find the equation of the circle circumscribing the rectangle whose sides are x – 3y = 4, 3x + y = 22, x – 3y = 14 and 3x + y = 62.

Answer 4 :

Given:

The sides x – 3y = 4…. (1)

3x + y = 22 … (2)

x – 3y = 14 …. (3)

3x + y = 62 … (4)

Let us assume A, B, C,D be the vertices of the square. On solving the lines, we get the coordinatesas: A = (7, 1)

B = (8, – 2)

C = (20, 2)

D = (19, 5)

We know that theequation of the circle with diagonal AC as diameter is given by

(x – x1) (x– x2) + (y – y1) (y – y2) = 0

(x – 7) (x – 20) + (y– 1) (y – 2) = 0

Upon simplification weget

x2 + y2 –27x – 3y + 142 = 0

The equation of thecircle is x2 + y2 – 27x – 3y + 142 = 0

Question 5 : Find the equation of the circle passing through the origin and the points where the line 3x + 4y = 12 meets the axes of coordinates.

Answer 5 :

Given:

The line 3x + 4y = 12

The value of x is 0 on meeting the y – axis. So,

3(0) + 4y = 12

4y = 12

y = 3

The point is A(0, 3)

The value of y is 0 on meeting the x – axis. So,

3x + 4(0) = 12

3x = 12

x = 4

The point is B(4, 0)

Since the circle passes through origin and A and B

So, AB is the diameter

We know that the equation of the circle with AB as diameter isgiven by

(x – x1)(x – x2) + (y – y1) (y – y2) = 0

(x – 0) (x – 4) + (y – 3) (y – 0) = 0

x2 + y2 – 4x – 3y = 0

Theequation of the circle is x2 + y2 – 4x – 3y = 0

Question 6 : Find the equation of the circle which passes through the origin and cuts off intercepts a and b respectively from x and y – axes.

Answer 6 :

Since the circle has intercept ‘a’ from x – axis, the circlemust pass through (a, 0) and (-a, 0) as it already passes through the origin.

Since the circle has intercept ‘b’ from x – axis, the circlemust pass through (0, b) and (0, -b) as it already passes through the origin.

Let us assume the circle passing through the points A(a,0) andB(0,b).

We know that the equation of the circle with AB as diameter isgiven by

(x – x1)(x – x2) + (y – y1) (y – y2) = 0

(x – a) (x – 0) + (y – 0) (y – b) = 0

x2 + y2 + ax + by = 0 or x2 + y2 –ax – by = 0

Theequation of the circle is x2 + y2 + ax + by = 0 or x2 + y2 –ax – by = 0


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RD Chapter 24- The Circle Ex-24.3 Contributors

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