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RD Chapter 31- Mathematical Reasoning Ex-31.1 Interview Questions Answers

Question 1 :
Find out which of the following sentences are statements and which are not. Justify your answer.
(i) Listen to me, Ravi!
(ii) Every set is a finite set.
(iii) Two non-empty sets have always a non-empty intersection.
(iv) The cat pussy is black.
(v) Are all circles round?
(vi) All triangles have three sides.
(vii) Every rhombus is a square.
(viii) x2 + 5|x| + 6 = 0 has no real roots.
(ix) This sentences is a statement.
(x) Is the earth round?

Answer 1 :

(i) Listen to me, Ravi!
The sentence “Listen to me, Ravi! “Is an exclamatory sentence.
∴ It is not a statement.
(ii) Every set is a finite set.
This sentence is always false, because there are sets which are not finite.
∴ It is a statement.
(iii) Two non-empty sets have always a non-empty intersection.
This sentence is always false, because there are non-empty sets whose intersection is empty.
∴ It is a statement.
(iv) The cat pussy is black.
There are some cats which are black, and not black, So, the given sentence may or may not be true.
∴ It is not a statement.
(v) Are all circles round?
The given sentence is an interrogative sentence.
∴ It is not a statement.
(vi) All triangles have three sides.
The given sentence is a true declarative sentence.
∴ It is a true statement.
(vii) Every rhombus is a square.
This sentence is always false, because Rhombuses are not a square.
∴ It is a statement.

(viii) x2 +5|x| + 6 = 0 has no real roots.

Firstly, let us solve the given expression.

If x>0,

x2+5|x|+6=0

x2+5x+6=0

x = -3 or x = -2

Since x>0, the equation has no roots.

If x<0,

x2+5|x|+6=0

x2 – 5x+6=0

Since x<0, the equation has no real roots.

∴ It is a statement.

(ix) This sentences is a statement.

The statement is not indicating the correct value, hence we can say that value contradicts the sense of the sentence.

∴ It is not a statement.

(x) Is the earth round?

The given sentence is an interrogative sentence.

∴ It is not a statement.


Question 2 : Give three examples of sentences which are not statements. Give reasons for the answers.

Answer 2 :

a) “We won the match!”
The sentence “We won the match!” Is an exclamatory sentence.
∴ It is not a statement.
b) Can u get me cup of tea?
This sentence is an interrogative sentence.
∴ It is not a statement.
c) Please get me the book which is kept on the table.
This sentence is expressed either as a request or as a command, hence it is an imperative sentence.
∴ It is not a statement.


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