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JSP Interview Questions Answers

Question 1 : What is a JSP and what is it used for?

Answer 1 : Java Server Pages (JSP) is a platform independent presentation layer technology that comes with SUN s J2EE platform. JSPs are normal HTML pages with Java code pieces embedded in them. JSP pages are saved to *.jsp files. A JSP compiler is used in the background to generate a Servlet from the JSP page.

Question 2 : What is difference between custom JSP tags and beans?

Answer 2 : Custom JSP tag is a tag you defined. You define how a tag, its attributes and its body are interpreted, and then group your tags into collections called tag libraries that can be used in any number of JSP files. To use custom JSP tags, you need to define three separate components: 1. the tag handler class that defines the tag\'s behavior 2. the tag library descriptor file that maps the XML element names to the tag implementations 3. the JSP file that uses the tag library When the first two components are done, you can use the tag by using taglib directive: <%@ taglib uri="xxx.tld" prefix="..." %> Then you are ready to use the tags you defined. Let's say the tag prefix is test: MyJSPTag or JavaBeans are Java utility classes you defined. Beans have a standard format for Java classes. You use tags to declare a bean and use to set value of the bean class and use to get value of the bean class. <%=identifier.getclassField() %> Custom tags and beans accomplish the same goals -- encapsulating complex behavior into simple and accessible forms. There are several differences: Custom tags can manipulate JSP content; beans cannot. Complex operations can be reduced to a significantly simpler form with custom tags than with beans. Custom tags require quite a bit more work to set up than do beans. Custom tags usually define relatively self-contained behavior, whereas beans are often defined in one servlet and used in a different servlet or JSP page. Custom tags are available only in JSP 1.1 and later, but beans can be used in all JSP 1.x versions.

Question 3 : What are the two kinds of comments in JSP and what's the difference between them ?

Answer 3 : <%-- JSP Comment --%>

Question 4 : What is JSP technology?

Answer 4 : Java Server Page is a standard Java extension that is defined on top of the servlet Extensions. The goal of JSP is the simplified creation and management of dynamic Web pages. JSPs are secure, platform-independent, and best of all, make use of Java as a server-side scripting language.

Question 5 : What is JSP page?

Answer 5 : A JSP page is a text-based document that contains two types of text: static template data, which can be expressed in any text-based format such as HTML, SVG, WML, and XML, and JSP elements, which construct dynamic content.

Question 6 : What are the implicit objects?

Answer 6 : Implicit objects are objects that are created by the web container and contain information related to a particular request, page, or application. They are: --request --response --pageContext --session --application --out --config --page --exception

Question 7 : How many JSP scripting elements and what are they?

Answer 7 : There are three scripting language elements: --declarations --scriptlets --expressions

Question 8 : Why are JSP pages the preferred API for creating a web-based client program?

Answer 8 : Because no plug-ins or security policy files are needed on the client systems(applet does). Also, JSP pages enable cleaner and more module application design because they provide a way to separate applications programming from web page design. This means personnel involved in web page design do not need to understand Java programming language syntax to do their jobs.

Question 9 : Is JSP technology extensible?

Answer 9 : YES. JSP technology is extensible through the development of custom actions, or tags, which are encapsulated in tag libraries.

Question 10 : Can we use the constructor, instead of init(), to initialize servlet?

Answer 10 : Yes , of course you can use the constructor instead of init(). There’s nothing to stop you. But you shouldn’t. The original reason for init() was that ancient versions of Java couldn’t dynamically invoke constructors with arguments, so there was no way to give the constructur a ServletConfig. That no longer applies, but servlet containers still will only call your no-arg constructor. So you won’t have access to a ServletConfig or ServletContext.



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